architect: He Jingtang
location: expo 2010 Shanghai - zone A
China Pavilion consists of two parts – China Pavilion and China’s Joint Provincial Pavilion. Rendering a gross floor area of 160,126 m2 (including 9,005 sqm projected area of overhang construction) among which the gross floor area on the ground is 106,874 sqm and underground gross floor area is 53,252 sqm, both the China Pavilion and the China’s Joint Provincial Pavilion will become one of the key buildings of the World Expo and will permanently remain at the site after the event. The exhibition of the China Pavilion during the World Expo is designed to give a full play of the theme “Better City, Better Life” with the core content being “the wisdom of the ancient Chinese people in urban development”. The China’s Joint Provincial Pavilion provides platforms for 31 provinces, municipalities directly under the central government, and autonomous regions to showcase their most attractive features and the urban development achievements. After the Expo, the China Pavilion will serve as a display space demonstrating the history, culture and art of China, while the provincial pavilion will be transformed into a conventional exhibition center, and, together with the surrounding theme pavilions, high-end hotels, the Expo Center, the Expo Axis, and the entertainment center, giving birth to a modern public space encompassing comprehensive services like conferences, exhibitions, events, and accommodation.
The design of the China Pavilion, in order to underline the urban subject of this World Expo and the public service function of the building, addresses the problem of land resource constraint on urban development in a distinctive way. The China Pavilion, constructed on an elevated platform and made of wood brackets fixed on the top of a column supporting crossbeams in an overhung way, creates a flowing urban plaza starting from the front square, through the 9 m high elevated platform, ending at the 13 m high new JiuZhouQingYan (the name of a scenery in YuanMingYuan, meaning a peaceful China) roof garden, providing local residents as well as visitors an open and multi-functional public space. The elevated layout, which attaches a spectacular, tasteful, powerful and consolidated shape to the pavilion, bears the resemblance to the traditional Chinese sacrificial ware of Ding. Four giant pillars (18.6 x 18.6 m each) supports the upper exhibition hall, leaving a huge space with clearance height of 21 m, a place where people can experience human spirit reaching high.